Accomplishments of the YTCAF
Accomplishments in 2009
The Board added four new members with differing experience and background (research expertise, technical knowledge, breeder, owner/handling, fundraising, and administration) that rounded out to a good working team. Armed with the new challenge to "work for a better tomorrow," we conducted monthly Board meetings and had two special meetings: (1) to revise the By-Laws; and (2) review grant requests and make decisions on those requests. The following highlights come activities of the Board this past year.
- Conducted an in-depth investigation into the Canine Health Foundation with regard to accounting inaccuracies regarding our DAF account. These inaccuracies have been satisfactorily resolved with our account being credited for the appropriate amounts.
- AKC-CHF does not match funds and has only matched in one year, which was a "special" for that one year only.
- Our treasurer continued to work as a liaison with the Canine Health Foundation regarding both funding and grant follow-up.
- The Foundation was represented by Deloras Maas at the CHF Conference in St. Louis in October. When she returned she prepared a detailed report for our Board members of the topics coverTwo very successful auctions were conducted during the year.
- Redesigned the Foundation's website to reflect a new, user-friendly application and provide more informative guidance on issues pertaining to the Yorkshire Terrier.
- Presented a seminar at the New York Specialty by Irvin B. Krukenkamp, MD, on Canine Heart Anatomy and also by Nicholas J. Valenti, DVM, on Management of Stud Dogs, Brood Bitches, and Breeding.
- Provided Purina with resource person to assist with their publication on Hypoglycemia in Toy and Small Breed Dogs resulting in a publication which can be seen on our website.
- Continue to liaison with Purina to provide another resource for upcoming article on Legg-Calve-Perthes and on other health issues of small dogs.
- Continue to financially support the Rabies Challenge Fund. This research continues to progress with the research objectives which have resulted in three more states approving three-years rabies vaccinations. This research is halfway to their goals of five years and seven years.
- Continued our support of Dr. Center's research both through CHF and Morris Animal Foundation.
- Purchased additional domains for the new Foundation website.
- Issued alerts to keep breeders abreast on the Canine Swine Flu.
- Attended to YTCA Board meeting in New York.
- Contracted with Dr. Jerold S. Bell to conduct a seminar at the New York Specialties in February 2010.
- Developed and designed a Planning and Whelping Diary as a fundraiser.
- Support and liaison with Morris Animal Foundation re: our support of a grant with Dr. Schatzberg.
- Broadened area of search for researchers interested in Yorkshire Terrier health concerns.
- Revised By-Laws and Constitution which allowed an increase in the number of Board members to not more than eleven.
- Developed a communications committee to plan an alert system for breeders via the Foundation website and various other discussion lists regarding any urgent health issues, research information, and availability of veterinary assistance.
The following grants were approved by the Foundation for the beginning of 2010:
Iowa State University, Dr. Lin Kauffman, DVM: Detection of Brucella canis DNA in canine urine, semen, and vaginal cells via qPCR analysis. Concurrently brucellosis is a zoonosis and spreads easily to humans.
YTCAF voted to support this research because of the disastrous consequences of having breeding stock infected with B. Canis.
University of Florida, Dr. Cynda Crawford, DVM, PhD: Transmission of Canine Influenza and intervention strategies for reducing transmission.
YTCAF voted to support this research because of its direct implications for planning competitive AKC dog events as well as individual kennels.
Cornell University, Dr. Nate Sutter, PhD: Sample Collection Pedigree Analysis and Candidate Gene Screen for Protein-Losing Enteropathy in Yorkshire Terriers. Almost 50 percent of Yorkshire Terrier who have PLE die from it and there is no screening test for this disease that is suspected to have a genetic base.
YTCAF voted to support this research because of its severity and poor prognosis and especially considering the suspect of a genetic base.
University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Dr. Wilfried Mai, DVM, PhD: Development of Contract-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography for the DIagnosis of Congenitcal Vascular Liver Disease in Dogs.
YTCAF supported this grant because this technique may prove both superior and less invasive than current methods of diagnosis.
National University of La Plata, Argentina, Dr. Christian Gobello, DVM: Detection of DNA damage in response to cooling storage in canine spermatozoa using single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). Use of chilled semen often results in reproductive failures.
The YTCAF voted to support this research because many breeders rely on shipment of chilled sperm to maintain their breeding programs using artificial insemination and this research would potentially benefit everyone in the dog fancy.
Accomplishments in 2008
- Successful educational seminar in New York with Sharon A. Center, DVM, February 2008
- Researched 17 years of communications with CHF and YTCAF treasury records to develop spreadsheet re: contributions to CHF and their match, if any.
- Collected auction items, photographed for use in the online auction just ended
- Created PayPal donation option on website and have received donations via this tool.
- Ebay accounts have been established.
- Established Mission Fish for the purpose of non-profit to increase amount received through PayPal.
- Designed two web pages summarizing the Foundation's research endeavors since inception of the Foundation in 1991.
- Continue to search out possible funding sources.
- Continue to search out possible researchers interested in working on Yorkshire Terrier health issues that were identified in our Health Survey.
- Liaison continually with AKC-CHF and Morris Animal Foundation.
- Keep abreast of the grant activity that we are sponsoring.
Following is an update of these grants:
University of Georgia: Studying thyroid insufficiencies has been completed but it was not able to reach its goals. (Unfortunately, this happens in research.)
Grant Acorn 607-A
University of Tennessee: Comparison of 99mTc-04(-) trans-splenic portal scinitigraphy with per-rectal portal scinitigraphy for diagnosis of portosystemic shunts in dogs. Paper has been written in Vet Surg. Oct; 36(7): 654-60.
Texas A&M University: Characterization of the Canine Y Chromosome: Identifying Genes that Cause Male Infertility. This study is 3/4 completed and it appears that there has been some success in finding what researchers are looking for.
This is a long-term ongoing study with Drs. Dodd and Schultz who are looking at the long-term effects of the rabies vaccine.
Cornell University: Genotyping Small Breed Dogs with Portosystemic Vascual Anomalies and Microvascular Dysplasia. This study is exploring PSVA and MVD, hoping to identify genetic markers for these disorders and if successful, to develop a test for detecting at-risk dogs.
Morris Animal Foundation: Genetics of Portosystemic Vascular Anomalies and Microvascular Dysplasia in Small Breed Dogs. Since data from physical and behavioral characteristics (phenotype) of families in multiple breeds to look for other genes which may modify the R1 region in affected small breed dogs.
Morris Animal Foundation: Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction for Viral and Bacterial Acid Detection in Dogs with Meningoencephalitis. This study focuses on Canine Brain inflammation of which two common types are granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) and necrotizing leukoencephalitis (NLE). This study focuses on the potential environmental factors that may contribute to the development of these disorders and specially are evaluating spinal fluid and nervous tissues for the presence of numerous pathogens (bacteria and viruses) that may "trigger" the development of either condition.